It doesn’t matter which specific metal they are constructed from, or what shape or size they come in, metal products are always created in one of two different ways and they can be subsequently grouped into one of two different categories. These include cast metal products and wrought products. Many people still believe these two terms can be used interchangeably, particularly when referring to well-known cast iron and wrought iron products. However, this certainly isn’t the case. Here we take a look at the reasons why these types of product are so different and explore the professional wrought product services currently available at Special Metals Fabrication (SPF).
What is the Different Between Cast and Wrought Products?
Essentially, a cast metal product is created by first melting and pouring metal into a specific mould and then allowing it to cool and set in place. As it is constructed in this way, the final product is typically hard and non-malleable. It cannot be stretched or hammered into a different shape and, if you tried to do so, the chances are you would fracture the product in the process.
By contrast, wrought metal products are heated to the point at which they are malleable and subsequently beaten into shape with hammers and other tools – and therefore they often show visible evidence of the tools that were used to make them. It is one of the oldest metalworking techniques known within the industry and the word “wrought” actually comes from a form of “to work”. Wrought metal is, therefore, “worked” metal. Wrought products are initially fashioned into standard shapes – such as ingots, billets, sheets, rods, plates and bars – and are later mechanically worked into a desired or unique shape or form.
What Metals are Wrought Products Made From?
Pretty much everybody has heard of wrought iron at some point in their life; it is probably the most well-known known type of wrought metal, commonly used for decorative and architectural applications such as fencing and railings. However, it is by no means the only one. A wide range of other refractory materials can be used to create wrought products – including molybdenum, tantalum, niobium, tungsten, copper tungsten, and zirconium, to name just a few.
Each of these metals has an extremely high melting point, typically around the 2000°C – 3000°C mark, and they are all incredibly ductile and pliable. They can be easily drawn out into different shapes and sizes dependent upon your specific needs; however, they will never lose their tough and durable exterior and their unique properties make them suitable for a wide range of applications.
A Comprehensive Wrought Product Service
SPF is a specialist stockist, supplier and manufacturer of refractory metal products and, collectively, we have over 120 years’ experience in the specialist metals industry. As a result, we demonstrate excellent knowledge and expertise when it comes to metal fabrication and wrought products. We currently stock high-quality molybdenum, tantalum, tungsten, zirconium, niobium, and titanium and we are able to offer a very reactive and competitive wrought product service. This service includes the above refractory metals, each shaped into the following type of product:
Wrought Metal Sheets
Wrought metal sheets have a similar melting point to their original metal element and therefore tend to maintain their strength and integrity at high temperatures. This makes them a suitable starting point for a wide range of applications across a broad spectrum of different industries.
Wrought Metal Plates
These demonstrate all the qualities and characteristics of the element, but in an easily-utilised form. Wrought metal plates have a variety of applications across dozens of industries, however, they are often a precursor, used in the creation of various high-performance metal alloys.
Wrought Metal Bars
Wrought metal bars come in a wide range of different lengths and thicknesses and, by mirroring the properties of the original metal, they have a vast range of different applications. They are well-suited to machining, rolling, pressing and other forming to create a variety of components and be easily drawn into thin pieces of wire or rolled into sheets.
Wrought Metal Rods
As a highly versatile wrought product, metal rods are often employed as blanks or as the base component for more specialist equipment and complex designs. They can be rolled into a sheet, drawn into wire, transformed into a completely new item, or used to create a variety of metal alloys.
Wrought Metal Wires
Despite being drawn into a thin wire, once again, wrought metal wire maintains the original properties of its metal element. It is therefore perfect for a number of different roles and applications, particularly within the industrial, manufacture and engineering sectors.
These are main five products that we currently offer as part of our wrought product service; however, we also provide wrought tubes, billets, crucibles and cladding in a small selection of the refractor metals mentioned above. Further information on each of these can be found here.
Contact Special Metals Today
If you have any questions about the wrought product services we provide at SPF, or if you would like to find out more about the wrought products we stock, please feel free to get in touch at any time. Our head office demonstrates a wealth of experience and fantastic knowledge, particularly with respect to specialist metals and they wrought products they create. They are always happy to help, and they will strive to provide tailored advice and guidance on the perfect wrought product for you and your requirements. Give us a call today on 01268 820409 or drop us a message using the online contact form. One of our friendly members of staff will respond to your enquiry as soon as possible!