Titanium (Ti) is the ninth most abundant chemical element on the planet. Taking its name from the Titans of Greek mythology, it’s a hard and lustrous transition metal – most commonly known for its high melting point (approximately 1670°C) and exceptional tensile strength to density ratio.
Like most transition metals, when exposed to air, a thin layer of oxide forms on its surface. This layer is extremely difficult for most materials to penetrate and, as such, titanium metal has excellent resistance to corrosion (particularly due to seawater and chlorine). It’s also non-magnetic and biocompatible and, thanks to its low modulus of elasticity, it demonstrates excellent flexibility.
Applications of titanium metal
As a result of the properties outlined above, titanium metal is commonly alloyed with other metals – such as iron, aluminium, and molybdenum – and fabricated into a wide range of parts and fittings. These parts and fittings are then used across many different sectors.
For example, titanium metal is commonly seen in:
1. Aerospace and military – due to its excellent strength (and low density), it’s frequently used to create jet engines, aeroplanes, spacecraft, missiles and other similar structures.
2. Industrial processes – resistant to many corrosive substances, it’s often employed in chemical and petrochemical plants. It’s also often used for desalination plants, where it can help to protect the hull of ships, submarines, and other structures that are exposed to seawater.
3. The medical industry – non-toxic and non-allergenic, titanium is regularly used to make medical instruments and to create medical prostheses, orthopaedic implants, and dental implants.
Looking to buy titanium metal for your next project?
Look no further than Special Metals. We’re a UK-leading titanium supplier and, no matter how big or small the project, we can provide high-quality titanium metal that is perfect for the job.
Our team have unparalleled knowledge of both its main uses and properties. Therefore, if you have any questions about titanium and how it could be of benefit to you, please feel free to get in touch. As one of the best titanium suppliers in the country, we’re always happy to help – and can offer tailored advice on whether this is the most suitable raw material for you and your specific needs.